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Term Definition

Set of moral values principles or values to guide behaviour in certain contexts. The Social Research Association ( issues a set of ethical guidelines for conducting social research.


A qualitative research method involving interview and observation aimed at describing the culture of a group. The researchers will generally immerse themselves in the lives of their research subjects for an extended period of time.

Evaluation research

Research that is concerned with the evaluation of real-life interventions in the social world.


Is the information that supports or substantiates research findings.

Evidence-Informed Practice

Is practice informed by practice wisdom, service user experience, and research evidence.


A test under controlled conditions, made to demonstrate a known truth, examine the validity of a hypothesis, or determine the efficacy of something previously untried. It should possess internal validity in that it has at least an experimental group, which is exposed to the treatment (Intervention) and a control group, which is not. (Random assignment to groups.)

External validity

A concern with whether the results of the study can be generalised to the whole population (or group) being studied.